Diabetes

Symptoms, complications, nutrition... Learn more about them!

Diabetes occurs when the body isn’t able to produce enough insulin or is unable to use it to convert sugar into energy. The result is a spike in blood sugar (the amount of sugar in the blood) and over the long term, this could result in a higher risk of heart disease and kidney failure.

830,000 Quebecers live with diabetes, or approximately 10% of the population.*

*Source: Diabetes Québec.

Symptoms

  • Fatigue, drowsiness
  • Increase in volume and frequency of urination
  • Intense thirst
  • Exaggerated hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow wound healing
  • Bladder and genitalia infections
  • Tingling in fingers or feet
  • Irritability

Types

Type 1 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes

Gestational diabetes (occurs during pregnancy)

 

Less common types:

Secondary diabetes as a result of taking medication

Secondary diabetes as a result of certain illnesses

MODY diabetes (Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young)

LADA diabetes (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults)

Complications

  • Nephropathy (kidneys)
  • Retinopathy (eyes)
  • Neuropathy (nervous system)
  • Heart attack
  • Hypertension
  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Stroke
  • Sleep apnea
  • Capsulitis
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Yeast infection
  • Urinary infection
  • Gum disease

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Diabetes

Diabetes occurs when the body isn’t able to produce enough insulin or is unable to use it to convert sugar into energy. The result is a spike in blood sugar (the amount of sugar in the blood) and over the long term, this could result in a higher risk of heart disease and kidney failure.
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