Diabetes

Symptoms, complications, nutrition... Learn more about them!

Diabetes occurs when the body isn’t able to produce enough insulin or is unable to use it to convert sugar into energy. The result is a spike in blood sugar (the amount of sugar in the blood) and over the long term, this could result in a higher risk of heart disease and kidney failure.

830,000 Quebecers live with diabetes, or approximately 10% of the population.*

*Source: Diabetes Québec.

Symptoms

  • Fatigue, drowsiness
  • Increase in volume and frequency of urination
  • Intense thirst
  • Exaggerated hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow wound healing
  • Bladder and genitalia infections
  • Tingling in fingers or feet
  • Irritability

Types

Type 1 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes

Gestational diabetes (occurs during pregnancy)

 

Less common types:

Secondary diabetes as a result of taking medication

Secondary diabetes as a result of certain illnesses

MODY diabetes (Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young)

LADA diabetes (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults)

Complications

  • Nephropathy (kidneys)
  • Retinopathy (eyes)
  • Neuropathy (nervous system)
  • Heart attack
  • Hypertension
  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Stroke
  • Sleep apnea
  • Capsulitis
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Yeast infection
  • Urinary infection
  • Gum disease

Available Services

An important message from your pharmacist owners affiliated with Jean Coutu*

Selection of products offered by your pharmacist

Health Advice

Nutrition Advice for Diabetics

Diet plays a central role in controlling blood sugar levels. Diabetics therefore need to eat balanced meals at regular intervals and try to distribute their carbohydrates throughout their three meals and snacks.

Beverages

Whether still or sparkling, water is always the best option to quench your thirst. Stay away from soft drinks, because they are often high in sugar or sweeteners, which should be avoided.

A Healthy and Varied Diet

Follow a healthy and varied diet that is rich in fibre (fruits and vegetables, whole grains…). Limit your consumption of added and complex sugars.

Physical activity

Reaching and maintaining a healthy weight will help reduce your risk of diabetes-related complications. To do this, reduce your calorie intake and increase your physical activity. This will also help you better control your blood sugar.

Recipes and meal plans for diabetics

These recipes contain the right amounts of carbohydrates, protein and fat to promote optimal blood sugar control. For each one, we indicate the number of food exchanges from the nutrition guide Meal Planning for People with Diabetes.

Learn more

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Diabetes

Diabetes occurs when the body isn’t able to produce enough insulin or is unable to use it to convert sugar into energy. The result is a spike in blood sugar (the amount of sugar in the blood) and over the long term, this could result in a higher risk of heart disease and kidney failure.
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