Celiac disease (gluten intolerance)

Do certain foods cause you to have cramps, bloating, diarrhea or nausea?

Celiac disease—also known as gluten intolerance—is an autoimmune disease trigged by eating gluten, present in wheat, rye and barley. The body’s immune system responds abnormally to gluten, damaging the lining of the small intestine and reducing absorption of certain nutrients.

Nearly 1% of the population suffers from celiac disease. Women are two to three times more likely to be affected.

Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain
  • Indigestion, nausea
  • Cramps
  • Irritability, behaviour changes
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Oily stools
  • Bloating
  • Flatulence
  • Weakness or extreme fatigue
  • Migraines and headaches
  • Feeling of a full stomach
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight gain
  • Constipation 

Complications

  • Malabsorption of certain nutrients
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Anemia
  • Stunted growth in children
  • Late onset of puberty
  • Infertility in both sexes
  • Ulcers and mouth sores
  • Bone and joint pain
  • Brittle bones (osteoporosis)
  • Abnormalities of tooth enamel
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis
  • Gluten ataxia

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Celiac disease (gluten intolerance)

Celiac disease—also known as gluten intolerance—is an autoimmune disease trigged by eating gluten, present in wheat, rye and barley. The body’s immune system responds abnormally to gluten, damaging the lining of the small intestine and reducing absorption of certain nutrients.
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