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Toxic shock syndrome is a relatively rare health problem. However, the seriousness of the condition warrants a better understanding of its causes, so it can be prevented.
Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a disease that occurs after a bacterial infection. Although it is very rare, it requires emergency hospitalization. TSS can seriously affect organs such as the liver, lungs, heart, and kidneys, and can be fatal if it is not treated quickly.
TSS occurs when toxins are released by bacteria that has successfully penetrated the skin through a wound or mucous membrane and has spread in the blood. The bacteria responsible for TSS can be present in the nose, mouth, throat or vagina of a great number of people.
Often, this bacteria is not very threatening and does not cause infection, or causes only minor ones. However, in some circumstances, it can cause severe infection such as TSS.
Among the main causes of TSS, we typically find:
Certain people have a higher risk of suffering from TSS, such as those with:
The signs and symptoms of TSS may resemble those of the flu and typically include:
TSS symptoms generally manifest themselves within twelve hours following surgery, childbirth, and after three to five days of tampon or intrauterine device use.
Inappropriate use of tampons is one of the most frequent causes of TSS. Extended wear of the same tampon or a tampon with a higher absorption capacity than what is actually needed can increase the risk of TSS, as it can cause vaginal dryness, irritation or lesions, creating a point of entry for bacteria.
Caution! It is important to understand that TSS is not due to tampons themselves, but to a combination of circumstances surrounding their improper use. There is no indication suggesting that the material used in tampons is at issue.
Here is some advice to take into consideration to prevent toxic shock due to the use of tampons:
Don’t hesitate to speak to your pharmacist for additional information about toxic shock syndrome and the ways to prevent it.
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