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Diabetes is sometimes accompanied by complex health issues. It is reassuring to know that there are solutions most of the time!
The effects of diabetes on the human body are numerous and complex. People with diabetes know the importance of controlling blood glucose (sugar levels in the blood) to avoid hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) and, especially, hyperglycemia (high blood glucose).
Hyperglycemia is at the root of the complications involving diabetes, and certain related health issues are also attributed to it. For instance, diabetes has harmful effects on the heart, eyes, kidneys, blood vessels and nerves. This is manifested in a variety of ways, depending on the body processes affected by it.
People affected by diabetes must deal with all sorts of daily physical reminders of the disease. They are often unaware that a health issue affecting them is in fact related to diabetes or, more specifically, to poor blood glucose control. Here are a few common examples.
When blood glucose is poorly managed, the skin becomes dehydrated, as does the rest of the body. Poor blood flow in the tiny vessels of the skin can also cause skin dryness. Moreover, sweat glands are affected by hyperglycemia, contributing to the problem.
If you have diabetes, it is important to care for your skin every day to keep it hydrated and in good health. For additional information on the subject, read this text.
Dehydration caused by diabetes can extend to the mucous membrane of the mouth. This decreases the production of saliva, leading to symptoms of dry mouth―discomfort, sticky saliva, difficulty speaking or chewing, etc. This may be followed by an increased risk of oral or dental issues (infection, pain, plaque and cavities, among others).
Dry mouth is a problem that has solutions. For additional information about this subject, read the following text.
People with diabetes have a higher risk of developing gum disease, especially if blood glucose is poorly controlled. Initially, an inflammation of the gums, called gingivitis, is observed. Over time, the inflammation may develop into a more serious condition: periodontitis. Teeth and gums are more seriously affected, leading to complications.
Fortunately, daily oral care can help to prevent gum disease (or control it). For additional information on the subject, read the following text.
Abundant and frequent urination constitutes one of the predominant symptoms of hyperglycemia. Over a long period, it can damage the urinary tract nerves, including the bladder nerves, promoting urinary incontinence.
Many people are unaware that urinary incontinence can be controlled. For additional information on the subject, read the following text.
Women with diabetes are more prone to vaginal yeast infections (“fungal infections”) due to a weakened immune system caused by diabetes. Increased sugar in the urine and decreased vaginal lubrication, which is often observed in women with diabetes, can also increase the risks.
There are ways to prevent and treat vaginal yeast infections. For additional information on the subject, read this text.
Wound healing is a complex process. In order for it to be effective, blood must flow to the wound to bring it oxygen and a number of elements needed for tissue repair. That being said, blood flow is compromised by hyperglycemia, which slows wound healing and increases the risk of infection.
It is possible to promote better wound healing. For additional information on the subject, read the following text.
For those living with diabetes, it is normal to have to deal with certain symptoms and health issues, whether or not they are minor. Being well informed can make all the difference. Ask your doctor or the healthcare professional who is monitoring your diabetes to provide you with information on the potential effects it can have on your health. You can then explore potential prevention methods and solutions.
Don’t hesitate to speak to your pharmacist for additional information on diabetes management, related health issues and blood glucose control.
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