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Pregnancy often comes with minor unforeseen ailments, such as hemorrhoids. What can be done to avoid this unpleasant occurrence?
Hemorrhoids are a common issue many people will experience at least once in the course of their lifetime. They are caused by the dilation of anal or rectal veins that can be promoted by various factors, including pregnancy.
It is estimated that 25 to 35% of women will be inconvenienced by hemorrhoids during pregnancy (especially during the third trimester) or after childbirth.
Hemorrhoids are generally considered to be a minor health issue that can be resolved using simple measures.
When a woman has hemorrhoids during pregnancy, she will note certain signs or experience various symptoms, including the following:
Internal hemorrhoids, or the ones located inside the rectum, are generally less painful. However, they can sometimes cause bleeding or give the impression that the rectum is full (feeling of having to have a bowel movement).
Hemorrhoids located around the anus generally cause more pain, itching and burning.
The prevention and treatment of hemorrhoids during or after pregnancy is based above all on non-medicinal measures. Making simple lifestyle changes can really contribute to reducing symptoms. Here is some advice to this end.
If lifestyle changes are insufficient to provide relief, you can consider medication. There are several over-the-counter drugs intended to relieve hemorrhoids that have proven effective and safe for pregnant women.
Among the treatments considered acceptable, some of them are available in the following formats: capsules, tablets, powder or liquid to be taken orally. They are especially used to prevent or eliminate constipation. If strong pain is experienced, acetaminophen (Tylenol®) can be considered.
Others are available in the following formats: cream, ointment, gel or a suppository to be applied locally in the rectum or anus. They are intended to relieve symptoms such as swelling, redness and itching.
Among the medications provided without a prescription, some should not be used during pregnancy. Again, be sure to always speak to your pharmacist, who can help you make a suitable choice to keep your health as well as your baby’s safe.
In more serious or resistant cases, various medical treatments may be considered, such as surgery.
You should see a doctor if you:
Don’t hesitate to speak to your pharmacist for additional information about hemorrhoids during pregnancy and its treatment.
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