A hormonal drop during menopause causes a number of symptoms that affect various areas of the body, including the skin.
The effects of menopause and aging on the skin
The effects of menopause-related aging of the skin often results in dry fragile skin. Sagging of the skin and a loss of radiance can be noted. The skin may lose its elasticity and additional wrinkles may appear. During this phase, dry skin is more common and can even cause itching.
The causes of aging skin
Decreased levels of oestrogen (one of the female hormones) is responsible for changes in the skin’s appearance, since it affects its collagen content. Collagen is a protein found in various structures of the body such as tendons, ligaments and the skin that helps tissue elasticity and resistance.
Obviously, a decrease of hormonal levels is not the only reason for the changes that may occur. Other factors influence aging of the skin such as heredity, lifestyle, nutrition and pollution.
Moreover, sun exposure is a major source of influence. Prolonged exposure to the sun’s rays makes the skin age prematurely. It is possible to observe the effects of sun exposure on the skin by comparing sun-exposed skin to skin that has not been exposed or exposed very little. Sun exposure also contributes to the appearance of wrinkles. When it is combined to the hormonal changes of menopause, it contributes to the appearance of brown spots that some women develop on their skin.
To prevent premature aging of the skin
Women want to continue to feel beautiful during menopause and many of them look for solutions to maintain young-looking skin. Here are a few helpful tips:
- quit smoking
- drink plenty of water
- eat well and get sufficient sleep
- avoid sunrays and tanning beds
- if you have to be in the sun, be sure to apply a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30, ideally with a broad-spectrum filter that protects against both UVA and UVB rays
- Use daily moisturizing care products
To correct and mask the effects of time
Certain treatments can help to diminish the effects of aging, but be wary of the alleged benefits of products. Not all of them have been vigorously tested to prove their effectiveness, like medications. Look for reliable information sources. For instance, speak to a healthcare professional to find out what treatments have been proven effective.
Some doctors also provide treatments that can be useful in diminishing the effects of aging, such as injections to reduce wrinkles and intense lights to reduce spots and rejuvenate skin. There are also techniques that use topical treatments such as chemical peels, dermabrasion or microdermabrasion.
Don’t hesitate to speak to your pharmacist or healthcare professional for additional information about skin care. Make sure to get reliable and accurate information. Remember that preventing premature aging of the skin is possible.