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Insulin injections are a key element in managing diabetes. Learn more about the hormone essential to health—and life!
The human body is made up of billions of cells that need fuel to function: this fuel is glucose (sugar), and is transported by the blood. Glucose comes primarily from nutrition, but it is partially produced by the liver. A natural hormone produced by the pancreas, insulin transforms glucose into an energy source for body cells.
Insulin is essential to life in humans. The regulation of blood glucose (sugar levels in the blood) by insulin is paramount, since hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) and hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) are serious health threats.
Insulin was discovered by two Canadian researchers in 1921, which earned them the very prestigious Nobel Prize in Medicine. It should be noted that at the beginning of the 20th century, diabetes was considered to be a serious and lethal illness for which there was no medical treatment. Fortunately, times have changed! Today, insulin is routinely used in diabetes care services.
Insulin is necessary to maintain blood glucose in a healthy range. For people affected by type 1 diabetes, the pancreas secretes very little or no insulin at all. This is why they must absolutely give themselves insulin injections each day. These injections are essential—even vital!
Insulin therapy is started as soon type 1 diabetes is diagnosed. Insulin is most often administered subcutaneously (under the skin), using a syringe, an injection pen or a pump. It is crucial to choose the optimal mode of administration and to understand its modalities of use.
In the case of type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still functions, but it does not produce a sufficient amount of insulin. In some cases, insulin is not used correctly by the body’s cells. Insulin injections are sometimes used in addition to the benefits provided by an adapted diet, exercise, and the use of other medications.
If you live with type 2 diabetes and your blood glucose is not well managed, your doctor may want insulin to be used. Don’t view this as a sign of failure. This is part of the normal course of the illness. Diabetes usually progresses gradually with time, and scaling up treatment is eventually necessary. Insulin therapy may be implemented as soon as type 2 diabetes is diagnosed if blood glucose is very high.
If you must use insulin to control your diabetes, it is crucial to closely monitor your blood glucose using a device (meter). Close monitoring will prevent problems related to hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. The choice of a blood glucose meter adapted to your needs will facilitate monitoring, adjusting treatment, and reaching your objectives of well-being. The result: optimal health!
The manufacturers of blood glucose meters put their ingenuity in the service of people living with diabetes, including those who must give themselves insulin injections. Find out about the latest technology trends!
Speak to your pharmacist for additional information about the treatment of diabetes, insulin or the choice of a blood glucose meter adapted to your reality and needs.
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